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What Are The Facts About Type 2 Diabetes?

  • Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. About 90 to 95% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
  • Being overweight (BMI greater than 25) increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. You can Control Blood Sugar Level With Buy Glucofort.
  • There’s a genetic mutation involved in type 2 diabetes, although researchers haven’t been able to pinpoint the exact mutation. You must have a genetic mutation in order to develop type 2—not everyone can get it. If you have a family history, you are at higher risk.
  • Many people are overweight when they’re diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. However, you don’t have to be overweight to develop it.
  • Type 2 used to be called “adult-onset diabetes” because it was diagnosed mainly in older people. Today, though, more children around the world are being diagnosed with type 2, so type 2 is the more common name now.
  • Most people with type 2 diabetes are insulin resistant, meaning that their bodies don’t use insulin properly. They make more than enough of it, but their cells are resistant to it and do not know how to use it properly.
  • Some people with type 2 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes can usually be managed well with a combination of healthier meal plan choices, physical activity, and oral medications. Some people may have to take insulin in order to get better blood glucose control.

What Are the Health Complications of Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes may lead to numerous health complications — some of them life-threatening — if left untreated or inadequately managed. In 2016, U.S. hospitals reported that 7.8 million discharges were American adults age 18 or older with diabetes.

Of those people, 1.7 million also had a major cardiovascular disease, such as heart disease or stroke, and 130,000 had lower-extremity amputations.

According to Medline Plus, other complications may include these conditions:

  • Periods of hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose)
  • Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage) that results in pain or numbness, especially in the extremities
  • Foot and limb injuries
  • Problems regulating blood pressure
  • Diabetic ulcers
  • Kidney disorders
  • Vision problems or blindness
  • Skin problems
  • Digestive disorders
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Problems with teeth and gums

Properly management or prevention of type 2 diabetes is the best way to avoid or minimize complications.

Who is More Likely To Develop Type 2 Diabetes?

You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, type 2 diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people.

You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese.

Diabetes is more common in people who are African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander.

Physical inactivity and certain health problems such as high blood pressure affect your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.

You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Learn more about risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes

Many risk factors for type 2 diabetes include lifestyle decisions that can be reduced or even cut out entirely with time and effort. Men are also at slightly higher risk of developing diabetes than women.

This may be more associated with lifestyle factors, body weight, and where the weight is located (abdominally versus in the hip area) than with innate gender differences.

Significant risk factors include:

  • Older Age
  • Excess Weight, Particularly Around The Waist
  • Family History
  • Certain Ethnicities
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Poor Diet