Type 2 diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body uses glucose, or sugar. There are different levels of type 2 diabetes and each person’s experience with the disease is unique.
Some people have mild symptoms and do not require any treatments, while others have more severe symptoms and need to take medications and/or insulin to control their blood sugar. Must Buy Glucofort.
Stages Of Type 2 Diabetes
The AACE created the dysglycemia-based chronic disease (DBCD) multi morbidity care model. Much like the previous guidelines above from 2015, the DBCD care model helps clinicians take preventative steps to reduce type 2 diabetes complications.
This stage, defined as insulin resistance, is where muscle, fat, and liver cells become resistant to insulin and have trouble bringing glucose into the cell. But the pancreas compensates for this by producing more insulin, which helps keep blood sugar levels within normal range.
In this stage, also known as prediabetes, cells become so insulin resistant that the extra insulin isn’t enough to lower blood sugar levels back to normal. In some cases, beta cell dysfunction may also be present. During this stage, blood glucose levels remain higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
In this stage, blood sugar levels remain abnormally high, leading to a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Both insulin resistance and beta cell dysfunction can lead to high blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes. Without treatment, these elevated levels can cause long-term damage to the body.
In this stage, vascular complications can occur as a result of high blood sugar. As blood sugar levels remain high, damage can occur within the vascular system, leading to potential complications like:
- Chronic Kidney Disease
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Heart Failure
- Peripheral Neuropathy
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes include
- Increased Thirst And Urination
- Increased Hunger
- Feeling Tired
- Blurred Vision
- Numbness Or Tingling In The Feet Or Hands
- Sores That Do Not Heal
- Unexplained Weight Loss
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly—over the course of several years—and can be so mild that you might not even notice them.
Many people have no symptoms. Some people do not find out they have the disease until they have diabetes-related health problems, such as blurred vision or heart disease.
When To Seek Care
If you’re concerned about managing your diabetes, the first step is to reach out to your doctor or care team to create a diabetes treatment plan. Depending on your diagnosis and personal needs, your treatment plan may include reaching out to:
- An endocrinologist, who can help you manage your blood sugar levels
- A dietitian, who can suggest dietary changes to help manage your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels
- A specialist doctor, like a dentist or ophthalmologist, who can help you manage potential diabetes complications
- A certified diabetes care and education specialist (CDCES), who can provide education and support to better manage your condition